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You have the right to invoke and refuse to waive all of the following rights and privileges afforded to you by the U.S. Constitution:

  • The Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures. You  do not have to consent to any search or seizure of your person, your home, or of any property in your possession. If you are not presently under arrest or under investigatory detention, you may ask to leave.
  • The Fifth Amendment right to remain silent. The right not to answer any questions.
  • The Sixth Amendment right to an attorney of your choice. You do not have to answer any questions without your attorney present.
  • The right to not make incriminating statements pursuant to Miranda v. Arizona.

If you are confronted by a police officer, remain calm. Be courteous and provide your identification. You may politely refuse to answer any further questions and ask to speak with an attorney. You do not have to consent to any search of your person, your property, your residence or your vehicle.  If the officer fails to honor your rights, remain calm and polite, ask for the officer’s identifying information and ask him or her to note your objection in the report. Do not attempt to physically resist an unlawful arrest, search or seizure.

The preceding information is intended as a brief summation of your constitutional rights.

Of course, this information is no substitute for consultation with an experienced attorney.